Viking History: Facts and Myths About the Warriors Who Raided Europe and Explored the New World

The Vikings explored, raided and traded across a large area stretching from North America to the Middle East between about the end of the eighth century and the middle of the 11th century.

In Old Norse, the language spoken by the Vikings was, “a Viking was a sea-borne raider, and to go-Ving was to take sea-borne raiding,” Angus Somerville and Russell Andrew McDonald (opens in a new tab)which the two professors at Brock University in Canada wrote in their book “The Vikings and their Age (opens in a new tab)” (University of Toronto Press, 2013) “The word is a job description but it only applied to a small minority of the population,” because many people in Scandinavia would not have participated in raids.

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